How do I know if I am having a Stroke?

A stroke happens when blood stops flowing to any part of your brain, damaging brain cells. Knowing the signs and symptoms of stroke, you can take quick action and perhaps save your life. Every minute counts!

Different parts of your brain control different parts of your body, and symptoms will depend on the part of the brain affected.

Reference: How the Brain Works (Heart and Stroke) 

Signs and symptoms to look for:

  • Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body.
  • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking, or difficulty understanding speech.
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance, or lack of coordination.
  • Sudden severe headache with no known cause.

It’s essential to be aware of these signs, particularly if you live with or care for a person in a high-risk group, such as a senior loved one with diabetes or high blood pressure.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggest that if you think someone may be having a stroke, act F.A.S.T. and do the following test:

F. – Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?

A. – Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?

S. – Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is the speech slurred or strange?

T. – Time: If you see any of these signs, call 9-1-1 right away.

It is important to note the time when any symptoms first appear. This information helps health care providers determine the best treatment.

Do not drive to the hospital or let someone else drive you. Call 9-1-1 for an ambulance so medical personnel can begin life-saving treatment on the way to the emergency room.

Prevention of a Stroke

The best way to help prevent a stroke is to eat a healthy diet, exercise, and avoid smoking and drinking too much alcohol.


A balanced diet is essential. A low-fat, high-fibre diet is recommended, with plenty of fresh fruit, vegetables, and whole grains. Monitor foods high in salt and processed foods.


Even mild strokes can affect a person’s balance, increasing the risk of falling. Strengthening core muscles supports balance, and simple exercises like a seated balance exercise or a seated twist are great for seniors to incorporate into their stroke recovery.

Caring for a senior loved one can be challenging and overwhelming, but you don’t have to face it alone. 

Recovery At Home

The professional caregivers at Promyse Home Care can offer the support and guidance needed to help your senior loved one remain safe and comfortable as they recover in the comfort of their own home. They can offer independence by providing cooking, laundry, and medication management services.

Recovering at home from a stroke has been proven to increase positive outcomes. If your parent or loved one needs ongoing care at home after a stroke, the healthcare team at Promyse is there to help. 

Our Personal Support Workers, managed by a Nurse Case Manager, deliver high-quality care. We provide care according to the needs of your loved one, from daily visits to around-the-clock care.

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